The constant processing of huge amounts of information is prompting the need to invest more in data centers and to expand the services they provide.
The number of large-scale enterprise data centers, mostly used by large cloud companies and social networks, increased by 11% in 2018. This is according to data from Synergy Research Group.
As noted by Synergy Research Group, the growth in the number of large-scale data centers does not stop: the leader in capital investment in the construction and equipping of data centers is still the United States, where about 40% of large centers operate.
TRADITIONAL DATA CENTER: CAN IT COMPETE WITH MODULAR?
According to studies of IT-market are inclined to choose modular data centers — according to MarketsandMarkets agency, the market is growing annually by 28%, and by 2021 its volume in terms of revenue will reach 8.13 billion. Modular meet the new requirements, and traditional data centers are already difficult to cope with the ever-increasing demands of modernity.
Traditional data centers are becoming increasingly clumsy and slow. This applies not only to operation, but also to construction, which takes 1-1.5 years, and if changes are made to the project in the process, construction can be delayed. It is very difficult to build up the capacity of such a data center to keep up with the growing needs of the market.
In the legacy model, half of the power consumption is spent on the IT workload. The other half is spent on providing the power for UPS, cooling and lighting.
Owners of traditional data centers face difficulties in operation and maintenance due to incompatibility of interfaces and protocols when using equipment from different manufacturers.
These shortcomings were the impetus for the creation of modular data centers.
A modular data center is a center consisting of independent modules with the specific functionality you need, and these modules are compatible and interchangeable elements. The main advantages are standardization and a high level of integration.
HOW DO MODULAR DC’S DIFFER FROM TRADITIONAL ONES?
Standardized modules and accessories.
One data center can have from 1 to 10 standard modules. The exact number depends on the specification and IT workloads.
If a module or an individual component fails, they are quickly replaced without stopping the data center operation. As the data center scales, blocks can be added to increase data center capacity. Modules are mass-produced, resulting in lower costs, higher quality, easier repairs and shorter lead times. Component and interface independence reduces installation, upgrade and reconfiguration costs as the data center expands.
Individual modules are responsible for the intelligent control of all systems. Continuous real-time monitoring optimizes energy consumption.
Modular data centers use hot and cold aisle systems as well as air conditioning to cool compact, consolidated racks and reduce energy losses. The power density in individual racks can be increased by more than 20 kW.
If you put plugs on the racks in places where no servers are installed, 95% of the cold airflow will go directly through the cold aisles. The hot air from all racks will then be routed to the air conditioner, not to the front of the rack. The hot aisle/cold aisle system in a modular data center increases space efficiency and reduces energy consumption.
High Power Density
The basic component of data center IT equipment is the rack. The rack is a load-bearing structure that houses IT equipment, thermal management (air intakes, vents, airflow controls), power distribution, cabling (power and data cables), and more.
Thanks to the standardization of components and their energy efficiency. On average, they consume 35% less power, providing higher efficiency per data center footprint.
THE FUTURE OF MODULAR DATA CENTERS
Data center construction is prioritized in all countries and increasingly, modular solutions are the choice. Microsoft, IBM, and Google have implemented such data centers.
Google’s new Oregon data center attracted considerable attention. It includes 45 units of 1,160 servers and has a capacity of 100 MW with a PUE of less than 1.25.
Chinese Internet companies such as Alibaba, Tencent and Baidu have also switched to modular data centers.
Modular solutions allow you to create small, medium and large data centers for various applications: Internet projects, commercial enterprises, telecom stations, military facilities, mining, oil and gas fields, etc.
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